Australian Isopoda: Families

S.J. Keable, G.C.B. Poore & G.D.F. Wilson

Corallanidae Hansen, 1890

Corallanidae Hansen, 1890: 280. -Delaney, 1989: 4. -Kensley & Schotte, 1989: 157. -Roman & Dalens, 1999: 231.

Description. Body. Body shape without loss or gross modification of appendages on one side of the body; in dorsal view without peduncular articles of antenna 1 or 2 contiguous with coxal margins.

Head. Head not capable of lateral rotation (laterally encompassed, abutting or fused to pereonite 1). Eyes contiguous or almost contiguous anterodorsally and extending from anterior margin to posterior margin of head, or widely separated and small, or absent. Antenna 1 & 2 peduncle and flagellum clearly differentiated. Antenna 1 inserting on head anteriorly and/or dorsally to antenna 2, minute or well developed; not as follows: reduced to 2 articles with second article expanded and scalloped. Antenna 2 well developed. Mandible not projecting anteriorly and together forceps-like; incisor narrower than narrowest width of mandible body, may be acutely produced distally into piercing structure; spine row not forming obvious circular raised cusp with spines on margin, may be vestigial or absent; molar not forming prominent triangular process projecting beyond body of mandible with spines along distal margin, may be vestigial or absent; palp present. Maxillule lateral lobe apex without hooked robust setae. Maxilla unilobed, distal region with small spines or scale like setae, or unilobed, distal region with simple setae. Maxilliped palp medial margin recurved spine-like robust setae absent; endite inconspicuous or absent.

Pereon. Pereonites 6-7 pereonite 7 distinct dorsally, free. Coxae extending ventrally and laterally to overhang the coxa-basis articulation of the pereopods. Pereopods 6-7 pairs readily apparent; 1-3 prehensile, 4-7 not prehensile, or 1-3 or 1-7 not prehensile. Pereopods 5-7 without flattened setose articles andor dactyls modified or absent.

Pleon / Pleotelson. Pleonites and pleotelson not arranged as follows: pleonites 1-5 fused but with conspicuous lateral sutures, pleotelson fused to pleonites 1-5; pleonites 1-5 fused but with conspicuous lateral sutures, pleotelson not fused to pleonites 1-5; pleonites 1-5 fused without conspicuous sutures, pleotelson not fused to pleonites 1-5; pleonites 2-5 fused but with partial (usually lateral) sutures, pleotelson wholly or partly fused with pleonites 2-5; pleonites 3-5 fused without lateral sutures, pleotelson fused with pleonites 3-5, pleonites 1 and 2 free but may be only small rings or cuticular bars visible ventrally. Pleonite 5 subequal to or shorter than any of pleonites 1-4. Pleopods 5 pairs present. Pleopod 2 of males not consisting of an enlarged peduncle with a geniculate endopod and a small muscular exopod. Uropods positioned proximally on pleotelson; distinct from pleopods, not forming operculum over pleopodal chamber (although may be folded ventrally below pleotelson). Peduncle not forming an elongate clavate article with rami reduced or absent; not fused to endopod. Rami inserting on peduncle adjacent to each other. Endopod present, not claw-like (acute and recurved) andor posteroventral in position. Exopod not folded dorsally over pleotelson.

Remarks. Delaney & Brusca (1985) assert that Excorallana houstoni has a maxilliped endite. This is repeated in the key of Wetzer & Brusca (1997) although Bruce (1988) suggests it is a misinterpretation and that this species lacks an endite.

Distribution and generic composition. See Kensley et al. (1996).

Cite this publication as: 'S.J. Keable, G.C.B. Poore & G.D.F. Wilson (2002 onwards). 'Australian Isopoda: Families. Version: 2 October 2002.'.