Australian Amphipoda: Leucothoidae

J.K. Lowry, P.B Berents & R.T. Springthorpe

Paraleucothoe novaehollandiae (Haswell)

Leucothoe novaehollandiae Haswell, 1879: 329, pl. 20, fig. 2. --Miers, 1884: 314.

Leucothoe brevidigitata Miers, 1884: 313, pl. 34, fig, A.

Paraleucothoe novaehollandiae. --Stebbing, 1899: 208. --Stebbing, 1906: 169. --Stebbing, 1910: 581. --Chilton, 1922: 6, fig. 2. --Sheard, 1937: 20. --J.L. Barnard, 1972: 262, figs 153-155.

Type material. SYNTYPES (probable): 3 specimens, AM P3471 (according to Springthorpe & Lowry, 1994).

Type locality. Port Jackson, New South Wales (33º 51'S 151º 16'E).

Description. Based on J.L. Barnard, 1972: 262, figs 153-155 [Bare Island, Botany Bay, New South Wales, Cronulla, New South Wales].

Head lateral cephalic lobe without cusp; cephalic keel present, cephalic keel similar in size to epistome; rostrum small to medium in size. Antenna 2 slender. Mandibles and maxillae well developed; mandibular palp 3-articulate. Maxilla 1 palp 1-articulate. Maxilliped ischial endite (outer plate) developed, with lateral flange (?weakly).

Peraeon. Gnathopod 1 coxa large, not hidden by coxa 2, anteroventral corner not produced, anteroventral corner rounded; dactylus vestigial. Gnathopod 2 coxa at least as long as broad, rounded anteroventrally; carpus with simple apex; propodus palm concave, propodus palm strongly crenulate anterodistally, weakly crenulate to smooth posteroproximally; dactylus, inner margin smooth. Peraeopod 3 coxa longer than broad, anteroventral corner overriding lateral face of coxa 2, not extending freely below it, ventral margin slightly convex. Peraeopod 4 coxa, posterior margin with posteroventral lobe (weak). Peraeopods 5 to 7 basis expanded.

Pleon. Epimeron 3 posteroventral corner subquadrate.

Habitat. Marine; often living in the stalked ascidian Pyura spinifera.

Depth zone. Littoral.

Distribution. Queensland: Thurday Island (Miers, 1884). New South Wales: Split Solitary Island (AM); Coffs Harbour (AM); Port Jackson (Haswell, 1879); Cronulla, Port Hacking (J.L. Barnard, 1972); Bare Island, Botany Bay (J.L. Barnard, 1972); Jervis Bay (AM); Jiguma (J.L. Barnard, 1972); Twofold Bay (Hutchings, et al, 1989). Victoria: Western Port (J.L. Barnard, 1972). Tasmania: Port Dalrymple (AM). Western Australia: Garden Island, Cockburn Sound (J.L. Barnard, 1972).

Geographic areas. North-eastern Australia to South-eastern Australia to Southern Australia to South-western Australia to North-western Australia to Northern Australia.

Cite this publication as: Lowry, J.K. P.B Berents & R.T. Springthorpe (2000 onwards). 'Australian Amphipoda: Leucothoidael.' Version: 2 October 2000.'.